Associations between early mother-child separation and indicators of early household instability were mixed. Mothers who experienced a separation from their child were more likely to have had an additional birth by 15 months post-enrollment than mothers who did not experience an early separation (19% versus 14%, p < .05). Mothers with an early separation were also less likely to implement regular sleep routines for their children (95% vs. 97%, p < .05). Finally, there was a trend for mothers who experienced a separation from their child to be more likely to have had a change in marital status (11% versus 7%, p < .10). However, there were no differences between mothers who experienced a separation and those who did not in terms of changes in cohabitation status, or in utilizing multiple caregiving arrangements.
Desk dos presents bivariate correlations among mother-child separation in the first 2 years of life, parenting behaviors at child age 3, and child outcomes at ages 3 and 5. Early mother-child separation was not associated with later parenting behaviors, but was related to child negativity (r =.06, p < .05) and aggression (r = .06, p < .05) at age 3, and to child aggression at age 5 (r = .06, p < .05). Separation was not associated with receptive vocabulary at either age 3 or 5. Correlations among maternal parenting behaviors at age 3 were small to moderate (|r|s of .12 to .44, p’s < .001). Correlations among child outcomes ranged from small to large (|r|s of .01 to.60, p's < .01).
Note: Since signal of early separation is dichotomous, their correlations with child-rearing behaviors and you may son effects, that are constantly mentioned, try area-biserial correlations, while all others on the desk was Pearson correlations. Most of the is translated furthermore.
Multivariate Associations ranging from Early Mom-Kid Separation and later Parenting Behaviors and Son Consequences
Building to the findings of your bivariate analyses, some regression activities are examined to look at the newest role from very early separation inside anticipating later maternal child-rearing behavior and child consequences. Earliest, very early separation was used so you’re able to predict the 3 maternal child-rearing practices mentioned at the man decades step 3. Next, early separation was applied so you’re able to anticipate the three kid outcomes mentioned at man many years step 3 and you will 5. History, a good mediation design is actually checked out based on the is a result of the fresh new previous one or two activities. Every activities incorporated maternal many years, race, training, money, lifestyle agreements, parity, kid https://datingranking.net/tr/willow-inceleme/ sex, program updates, additionally the five signs regarding domestic instability as regulation. The several regression activities was in fact tested using Mplus application (Muthen & Muthen, 2001) and accounted for lost research that have complete guidance limitation chances (FIML) estimation, resulting in an everyday test size (N = 2,080) across all of the analyses.
Table 3 presents the results of the first step in our analysis, in which maternal detachment, sensitivity, and warmth at child age 3 were regressed on early separation. None of these parenting behaviors was associated with early separation. Tables 4 and ? and5 5 present results of subsequent analyses, in which children’s aggression, negativity toward parent, and receptive vocabulary at ages 3 and 5 were regressed on early separation. Consistent with bivariate analyses, there were significant associations between early ;s aggressive behaviors at age 3 (?= .06, p < .05) and age 5 (?= .05, p < .05). Children who experienced a separation from their mother within the first two years of life exhibited significantly higher levels of aggressive behaviors at ages 3 and 5 than children who had not experienced an early separation. Additionally, early separation was related to child negativity at age 3 (?= .05, p < .05), but not at age 5. Children who experienced an early separation were observed to be more negative toward their mothers during play at age 3, but this effect was no longer evident by age 5. Children's receptive vocabulary at age 3 or age 5 was not associated with having experienced an early separation.